Developed in 1953 by aircraft SNCASE company (National Society for Aeronautical Engineering Southeast will become Sud Aviation and Aerospace), "Caravelle" is the first civilian airliner with two jet engines. Indeed, following a request from the DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) which is responsible for...
Developed in 1953 by aircraft SNCASE company (National Society for Aeronautical Engineering Southeast will become Sud Aviation and Aerospace), "Caravelle" is the first civilian airliner with two jet engines. Indeed, following a request from the DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation) which is responsible for supervising and regulating the activities of Civil Aviation, several French aircraft manufacturing organizations began design studies for aircraft short and medium-haul. According to the DGAC, the plane was able to take off on a maximum distance of 1800 meters, connecting major European cities over a distance of 2000 km to 600 km / h while carrying 55 to 65 people and 1 ton of cargo and land at a distance of 1125 meters. The assembly of the first prototype began in Toulouse in March 1953. The assembly was completed in November 1954, and pressure testing takes place in December. It has an innovative feature for the time to have the engine at the rear of the fuselage and not in the wings. The first test flight took place May 27, 1955 for a period of 22 minutes, but a problem caused by the bending of the wings in flight is found. Changes are made and after a second trial found successful Caravelle is presented at the Paris Airshow. Air France then announces its attention to order 12 "Caravelle". On May 23, after certification tests performed, the "Caravelle 01" receives a certificate to allow its use by Air France. The aircraft will be produced in series, in April 5, 1958 the first "Caravelle" production was done out of the assembly hangar. Compared to the prototypes, these devices have a longer fuselage 50 inches and have more powerful engines, Rolls-Royce Avon RA.29. The unit made its first flight with passengers on May 18. Designed to replace the aircraft with piston engines such as Douglas DC-6, the Caravelle is produced in several different versions. Depending on the version, they could carry 80 to 130 passengers over a distance of between 1 650 and 3 400 km. Although the "Caravelle" is the first short and medium-haul jet available on the market, it will be caught and overtaken by aircraft such as the Boeing 727 American larger carrying capacity and to increased operating range. In total, 282 copies of the "Caravelle" was built, the last outgoing channels in 1973.
|Nombre de pieces||29|
|Contenu||Maquette - Plumier - 1 pinceau - Pots de peinture - 1 tube de colle - 1 planche de décalcomanie - Plan de montage|